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NT-proBNP levels may be influenced by inflammation in active ankylosing spondylitis receiving TNF blockers: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23381669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a strong marker of cardiovascular disease with recent evidence that inflammation may also influence its levels; discrimination of this confounding variable is of particular interest in rheumatic diseases. Therefore, we evaluated NT-proBNP in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients pre- and post-TNF blocker to determine the possible association between NT-proBNP levels and inflammatory parameters. Forty-five consecutive AS patients without previous/current cardiovascular disease or systolic myocardial dysfunction, who were eligible to anti-TNF therapy, were prospectively enrolled. All patients received TNF blockers and they were evaluated for circulating NT-proBNP levels, clinical and laboratory parameters of disease activity, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, and conventional and tissue Doppler imaging echocardiography at baseline (BL) and 6 months after (6M) treatment. At BL, all patients had active AS, NT-proBNP levels had a median of 36 (20-72) pg/mL and 11 % were high in spite of no systolic alteration. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that this peptide, at BL, was independently correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (p < 0.001), age (p = 0.01), and pulse pressure (p = 0.01). After 6M, all disease parameters improved and NT-proBNP levels were significantly reduced [24 (16-47) pg/mL, p = 0.037] compared to BL. Changes in NT-proBNP were positively correlated with ESR changes (r = 0.41, p = 0.006). Cardiovascular risk factors remained stable during follow-up. In conclusion, our data suggest that elevations of NT-proBNP should be interpreted with caution in active AS patients with no other evidence of cardiovascular disease. The short-term reduction of NT-proBNP levels in these patients receiving anti-TNF therapy appears to reflect an improvement in inflammatory status.
Authors:
Julio C B Moraes; Ana C M Ribeiro; Carla G S Saad; Alessandro C Lianza; Clovis A Silva; Eloísa Bonfá
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-9949     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Rheumatology, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455-3o andar-Reumatologia, sala 3190, São Paulo, SP, 01246-903, Brazil, juliocbmoraes@yahoo.com.br.
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