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NT-proAtrial Natriuretic Peptide as a possible biomarker of cardiopulmonary involvement in sarcoidosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23294508     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Lung diffusion for carbon monoxide (DL(CO)) has been shown to associate with the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension development and, most likely, with right ventricular (RV) myocardial dysfunction in sarcoidosis patients. Besides its known role as a marker of left ventricular dysfunction, experimental evidence suggests a role of NT-proAtrial Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proANP) also in modulating pulmonary circulation. We therefore investigated possible relationships between NT-proANP, lung diffusion impairment and RV dysfunction. METHODS: Thirty-two pulmonary sarcoidosis outpatients and eighteen volunteers underwent full clinical assessment, including full lung function tests and Doppler echocardiography integrated with tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) study. Resting circulating NT-proBNP and NT-proANP plasma levels were also determined. RESULTS: NT-proANP and RV-myocardial performance index (RV-MPI) were significantly higher in those patients with the greatest DL(CO) impairment, whereas no differences were found for NT-proBNP values. At multivariable analysis, only DL(CO) (β: -0.496; standard error: 3.38; p=0.000) and RV-MPI (β: 0.373; standard error: 6.56; p=0.031) remained significantly associated with NT-proANP levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding may support a key role of NT-proANP in the complex mechanisms underlying modulation of lung function. An early increase in pulmonary vascular resistance may stimulate NT-proANP increase, thus explaining its association with signs of early RV myocardial dysfunction. This hypothesis warrants further confirmation.
Damiano Magrì; Piergiuseppe Agostoni; Agnese Ricotta; Lara Pisani; Filippo Maria Cauti; Alessandro Onofri; Pierdonato Bruno; Alberto Ricci; Massimo Volpe; Simona Marchitti; Salvatore Mariotta; Speranza Rubattu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of internal medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0828     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9003220     Medline TA:  Eur J Intern Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, "Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy.
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