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NSC 74859 enhances doxorubicin cytotoxicity via inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22781398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Doxorubicin-based therapy is not effective for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), which often undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during tumor progression. Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is associated with chemosensitivity and may contribute to EMT during HCC chemotherapy. Low doses of NSC 78459 (a novel STAT3 inhibitor) have little effect on HCC cell proliferation, but efficiently inhibit STAT3. HuH-7, Hep3B, and HepG2 cells, with epithelial phenotypes, show significantly enhanced doxorubicin cytotoxicity following co-treatment with NSC 74859, whereas mesenchymal SNU-449 cells show no such enhancement. NSC 74859 inhibits STAT3 activity and suppressed doxorubicin-induced EMT in epithelial HCC cells. siRNA-mediated STAT3 knockdown resulted in EMT inhibition, which led to attenuation of NSC 74859-mediated chemosensitivity. Our data indicate NSC 74859 co-administration enhances doxorubicin cytotoxicity by inhibiting STAT3 in epithelial HCC cells. STAT3 deactivation and associated EMT attenuation contribute to the synergistic anti-tumor effects of combined NSC 74859 / doxorubicin therapy.
Qi-Da Hu; Wei Chen; Tian-Lian Yan; Tao Ma; Cong-Lin Chen; Chao Liang; Qi Zhang; Xue-Feng Xia; Hao Liu; Xiao Zhi; Xiao-Xiao Zheng; Xue-Li Bai; Xia-Zhen Yu; Ting-Bo Liang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7980     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600053     Medline TA:  Cancer Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310009, China.
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