Document Detail


The NOFLO Trial: Low-Flow Nasal Prongs Therapy in Weaning Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Preterm Infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23312683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine if low-flow nasal prongs therapy with room air, compared with no treatment, facilitates weaning from nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500 g) infants. STUDY DESIGN: VLBW infants who received respiratory support for ≥48 hours and who were stable on NCPAP for 24 hours were eligible for inclusion in this multicenter, randomized controlled trial. On stopping NCPAP, infants were randomized to receive 1 L/min air via nasal prongs or to spontaneous breathing in room air. The primary outcome measure was failure to wean. Secondary outcome measures included length of time to failure and change in heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and respiratory distress score. RESULTS: Seventy-eight infants were randomized: 39 to nasal prongs and 39 to spontaneous breathing. The groups were similar at birth and at randomization. Sixteen infants (41%) in the nasal prongs group failed the weaning process compared with 12 infants (31%) in the spontaneous breathing group (OR 1.57, 95% CI 0.56 to 4.43, P = .48). There were no significant differences between the groups in secondary outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we did not demonstrate a benefit of low-flow room air via nasal prongs to wean VLBW infants from NCPAP.
Authors:
Sinéad M O'Donnell; Sarah J Curry; Niamh A Buggy; Margaret M Moynihan; Sylva Sebkova; Jan Janota; Jan Miletin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.
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