Document Detail

NMR-based metabolomics reveals that conjugated double bond content and lipid storage efficiency in HepG2 cells are affected by fatty acid cis/trans configuration and chain length.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21786785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In the present study the metabolic response to various fatty acids was investigated in HepG2 cells by using a 1H NMR-based approach. In order to elucidate the effect of cis-/trans- configuration, the cells were exposed to either oleic acid (C18:1 cis-9), elaidic acid (C18:1 trans-9), vaccenic acid (C18:1 trans-11), linoleic acid (C18:2) or palmitic acid (C16:0), and multivariate data analysis revealed a strong effect of fatty acid on the lipophilic metabolite fraction. Inspection of the spectra revealed that the difference between the observed responses could be ascribed to the appearance of resonances from conjugated double bonds (5.65 ppm, 5.94 ppm and 6.28 ppm) in cells exposed to vaccenic acid, revealing that vaccenic acid upon uptake by the HepG2 cells is converted into a conjugated fatty acid. When exposing the HepG2 cells to either butyric acid (C4:0), caproic acid (C6:0), lauric acid (C12:0), myristic acid (C14:0) or palmitic acid (C16:0), an effect of fatty acid length was also evident, and data indicated that short-chain fatty acids (C4-C6) are immediately converted, while medium-long-chain fatty acids (C12-16) are incorporated into triglycerides and deposited in the cells. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that 1H NMR spectroscopy is a useful method for studying the up-take of fatty acids in in vitro cells.
Heidi Najbjerg; Jette Feveile Young; Hanne Christine Bertram
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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