Document Detail


NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale profiles predict developmental outcomes in a low-risk sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22686386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Latent profile analysis (LPA) has been used previously to classify neurobehavioral responses of infants prenatally exposed to cocaine and other drugs of abuse. The objective of this study was to define NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) profile response patterns in a cohort of infants with no known cocaine exposure or other risks for neurobehavior deficits, and determine whether these profiles predict neurobehavioral outcomes in these low-risk infants.
METHODS: NNNS exams were performed on 355 low-risk infants at approximately 5 weeks after birth. LPA was used to define discrete profiles based on the standard NNNS summary scales. Associations between the infant profiles and neurobehavioral outcomes at one to three years of age were examined.
RESULTS: Twelve of the 13 summary scales were used and three discrete NNNS profiles identified: social/easy going infants (44%), hypotonic infants (24%), and high arousal/difficult infants (32%). Statistically significant associations between NNNS profiles and later neurobehavioral outcomes were found for psychomotor development and externalizing behaviors. Hypotonic infants had both lower psychomotor development and lower externalizing scores compared to the other two profiles.
CONCLUSIONS: Three distinct profiles of the NNNS summary scores were identifiable using LPA among infants with no known cocaine exposure. These profile patterns were associated with early childhood neurobehavioral outcome, similar to findings reported in a study of infants with substantial cocaine exposure, demonstrating the utility of this profiling technique in both exposed and unexposed populations.
Authors:
Heidi Sucharew; Jane C Khoury; Yingying Xu; Paul Succop; Kimberly Yolton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-05-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1365-3016     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-12     Completed Date:  2012-11-06     Revised Date:  2014-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709766     Medline TA:  Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  344-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child Development / drug effects*,  physiology
Child, Preschool
Cocaine-Related Disorders / complications*
Developmental Disabilities / chemically induced*
Female
Humans
Infant
Maternal Age
Neurologic Examination / methods*
Predictive Value of Tests
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / chemically induced*
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P01 ES011261/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P01 ES011261-01/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P01 ES11261/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 ES015517/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 ES015517-01A1/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 ES015517-01A1/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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