Document Detail

NF-kappaB inhibition improves the sensitivity of human glioblastoma cells to 5-aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21182827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Glioblastoma constitute the most frequent and deadliest brain tumors of astrocytic origin. They are very resistant to all current therapies and are associated with a huge rate of recurrence. In most cases, this type of tumor is characterized by a constitutive activation of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB). This factor is known to be a key regulator of various physiological processes such as inflammation, immune response, cell growth or apoptosis. In the present study, we explored the role of NF-κB activation in the sensitivity of human glioblastoma cells to a treatment by 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-based photodynamic therapy (PDT). 5-ALA is a physiological compound widely used in PDT as well as in tumor photodetection (PDD). Our results show that inhibition of NF-κB improves glioblastoma cell death in response to 5-ALA-PDT. We then studied the molecular mechanisms underlying the cell death induced by PDT combined or not with NF-κB inhibition. We found that apoptosis was induced by PDT but in an incomplete manner and that, unexpectedly, NF-κB inhibition reduced its level. Oppositely PDT mainly induces necrosis in glioblastoma cells and NF-κB is found to have anti-necrotic functions in this context. The autophagic flux was also enhanced as a result of 5-ALA-PDT and we demonstrate that stimulation of autophagy acts as a pro-survival mechanism confering protection against PDT-mediated necrosis. These data point out that 5-ALA-PDT has an interesting potential as a mean to treat glioblastoma and that inhibition of NF-κB renders glioblastoma cells more sensitive to the treatment.
Isabelle Coupienne; Sébastien Bontems; Michael Dewaele; Noemi Rubio; Yvette Habraken; Simone Fulda; Patrizia Agostinis; Jacques Piette
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-12-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemical pharmacology     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1873-2968     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0101032     Medline TA:  Biochem Pharmacol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  606-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Virology and Immunology Unit, GIGA-R, GIGA B34, University of Liège, Liège Belgium.
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