Document Detail

NADPH oxidase-dependent formation of reactive oxygen species contributes to transforming growth factor β1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells, and the role of astragalus intervention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23090359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidasedependent formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (RPMCs), and the effect of Astragalus injection (AGI) intervention. METHODS: Primary RPMCs were cultured to the second generation in vitro. After synchronization for 24 h, the cells were randomly assigned to the following groups: control (Group A), AGI (2 g/mL; Group B), TGF-β1 (10 ng/mL; Group C), TGF-β1 (10 ng/mL) + AGI (2 g/mL; Group D; pretreated for 1 h with AGI before TGF-β1 stimulation). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis were employed to evaluate the mRNA and protein expression of the NADPH oxidase subunit p67phox, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and E-cadherin. The dichlorofluorescein-sensitive cellular ROS levels were measured by a fluorometric assay and confocal microscopy. RESULTS: TGF-β1 significantly induced NADPH oxidase subunit p67phox mRNA and protein expression in RPMCs, as well as inducing the production of intracellular ROS. AGI inhibited this TGF-β1-induced up-regulation by 39.3% and 47.8%, respectively (P<0.05), as well as inhibiting the TGF-β1-induced ROS generation by 56.3% (P<0.05). TGF-β1 also induced α-SMA mRNA and protein expression, and down-regulated E-cadherin mRNA and protein expression (P<0.05). This effect was suppressed by AGI (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: NADPH oxidase-dependent formation of ROS may mediate the TGF-β1-dependent EMT in RPMCs. AGI could inhibit this process, providing a theoretical basis for AGI in the prevention of peritoneal fibrosis.
Xiao-Xian Liu; Hong-Juan Zhou; Long Cai; Wen Zhang; Ji-Lin Ma; Xiao-Juan Tao; Jian-Ning Yu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese journal of integrative medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1672-0415     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin J Integr Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181180     Medline TA:  Chin J Integr Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Nephrology, Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, Hangzhou, 310003, China.
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