Document Detail

N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide: a useful tool for the detection of acute pulmonary artery embolism in post-surgical patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22991260     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: /st>Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is an important clinical problem in patients after major surgery and often remains a difficult diagnosis because of unspecific clinical symptoms. Therefore, we investigated the role of N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) for the detection of APE. METHODS: /st>In 44 patients with suspected APE referred to the intensive care unit after major surgery, serum NT-proBNP, troponin-I, and D-dimers were measured according to the standard hospital protocol. To definitively confirm or exclude APE, all patients underwent an angiographic CT scan of the thorax. RESULTS: /st>APE was confirmed in 28 and excluded in 16 patients by CT scan. NT-proBNP was significantly (P<0.01) higher in patients with APE [4425 (sd 8826; range 63-35 000) pg ml(-1)] compared with those without [283 (sd 327; range 13-1133) pg ml(-1)]. The sensitivity of the NT-proBNP screening was 93%, specificity 63%, positive predictive value 81%, and negative predictive value 83%. There were no significant (P = 0.96) differences in D-dimers between subjects with and without APE [confirmed APE: 511 (sd 207; range 83-750) μg litre(-1); excluded APE: 509 (sd 170; range 230-750) μg litre(-1)]. Troponin-I levels were not elevated in 32% of the patients with APE. CONCLUSIONS: /st>D-dimer levels are frequently elevated in post-surgical patients and not applicable for confirmation or exclusion of APE. In contrast, NT-proBNP appears to be a useful biomarker for APE diagnosis in the postoperative setting. In the case of NT-proBNP levels below the upper reference limit, haemodynamically relevant APE is unlikely. Troponin-I in contrast is not considered to be helpful.
B E Winkler; W Schuetz; G Froeba; C-M Muth
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Ulm, Prittwitzstrasse 43, 89073 Ulm, Germany.
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