Document Detail


N-acetylcysteine supplementation and oxidative damage and inflammatory response after eccentric exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18708687     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of the study was to verify the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplementation on parameters of oxidative damage and inflammatory response after high-intensity eccentric exercise (EE). 29 participants with a mean age of 21.3+/-4 yr, weight of 74.5+/-7.7 kg, and height of 177.2+/-6.9 cm were selected and divided randomly into 3 groups: placebo (21 days; n=8), NAC (21 days; n=9), and NAC plus placebo (14 days; n=8). Four participants withdrew from the study for personal reasons. 14 days after starting supplementation, the participants performed EE: 3 sets until exhaustion (elbow flexion and extension on the Scott bench, 80% 1RM). Blood samples were collected before and on the 2nd, 4th, and 7th day after EE. Muscle soreness (MS), lipoperoxidation, protein carbonylation, tumor-necrosis factor- (TNF-), and interleukin 10 (IL-10) were determined. Results showed a significant increase in MS in all the groups on the 2nd day after EE and a decrease in the following days. A significant increase was observed in malondialdehyde and carbonyl levels on the 4th and 7th days after EE in all groups. TNF- increased significantly on the 2nd day after eccentric exercise and decreased in the following days irrespective of NAC supplementation; concentration of IL-10 increased significantly on the 4th day in all groups. Only the supplemented groups maintained high levels of IL-10 on the 7th day after EE. The results suggest that treatment with NAC represents an important factor in the defense against muscle soreness and has different effects on oxidative damage and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines.
Authors:
Luciano A Silva; Paulo C L Silveira; Cléber A Pinho; Talita Tuon; Felipe Dal Pizzol; Ricardo A Pinho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1526-484X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-18     Completed Date:  2008-12-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100939812     Medline TA:  Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Exercise Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Bairro University, Criciúma, SC, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetylcysteine / pharmacology*
Creatine Kinase / blood
Dietary Supplements
Double-Blind Method
Elbow Joint
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Inflammation / blood*
Interleukin-10 / blood
Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects*
Lipid Peroxides / blood
Male
Malondialdehyde / blood
Muscle, Skeletal / injuries*,  pathology
Myoglobin / blood
Oxidation-Reduction
Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipid Peroxides; 0/Myoglobin; 0/Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 130068-27-8/Interleukin-10; 542-78-9/Malondialdehyde; 616-91-1/Acetylcysteine; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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