Document Detail

Myxomatosis in the Mallee region of Victoria, Australia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  701787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sharp reductions in the wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.)) population in the Mallee are associated with annual myxomatosis epizootics. The extent to which the population reductions are the direct result of the epizootics varies with time of epizootic occurrence. All grazing animals in the Mallee are under nutritional stress each summer and autumn. When the epizootic occurs during the early summer heavy losses occur in a previously healthy population. Similar losses which occur in the late summer and autumn are the result of a nutritional stress - epizootic complex. The end result in each case is a population reduction of about 80%. This reduction occurs in a population which is the most resistant to myxomatosis known in Victoria and in association with epizootics caused by field strains of myxoma virus of moderate virulence only. The earlier summer epizootics are of considerable economic importance because they sharply reduce the pressure on the limited food available for other grazing animals.
R C Shepherd; J W Edmonds; I F Nolan; A Gocs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of hygiene     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0022-1724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hyg (Lond)     Publication Date:  1978 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-12-20     Completed Date:  1978-12-20     Revised Date:  2010-09-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375374     Medline TA:  J Hyg (Lond)     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  239-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Antibodies, Viral / analysis
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary
Myxoma virus / immunology,  isolation & purification
Myxomatosis, Infectious / epidemiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Viral

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