Document Detail

The Mystery of the European Smile: A Comparison Based on Individual Photographs Provided by Internet Users.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21057574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The aim of the study was to analyze cross-cultural differences in preference for smiling among the users of one of the most popular instant messaging sites called Windows Live Messenger in terms of facial expression (smiling vs. non-smiling) on the photographs accompanying their profiles. 2,000 photos from 10 countries were rated by two independent judges. Despite the fact that 20 years have passed since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Internet users from a former Soviet bloc appear to smile less often than those from Western Europe. Also, replicating past research, women irrespective of their nationality smiled more than men.
Piotr Szarota
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-7-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nonverbal behavior     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0191-5886     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003418     Medline TA:  J Nonverbal Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  249-256     Citation Subset:  -    
Institute of Psychology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Chodakowska 19/31, 03-815 Warsaw, Poland.
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