Document Detail

Myonuclear apoptosis occurs during early posthatch starvation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12892759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Apoptosis is a naturally occurring process; it is important for the final shape and size of developing tissues, and it is characterized by some morphological features such as plasma membrane blebbing, nuclear breakdown, chromosomal fragmentation and apoptotic bodies followed by phagocytosis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the occurrence of apoptosis in chickens immediately posthatch under fed and starved conditions. Male broiler chickens were or were not provided feed for the first 3 days posthatch. Chickens were killed immediately after hatch, at 1 day of age, at 2 days of age and at 3 days of age. The Pectoralis thoracicus was removed, fixed, dehydrated, cleared and embedded in paraffin. Muscle sections were labeled using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) for detection of apoptotic nuclei. Body weights were lower (P<0.05) in the starved compared to the fed group at 2 and 3 days posthatch. Myofiber cross-sectional area was only smaller (P<0.05) in the starved compared to the fed birds at 3 days posthatch. TUNEL-positive nuclei were present at all days for the fed and starved groups. The proportion of TUNEL-positive nuclei was higher (P<0.05) for the starved group at day 2 and day 3 posthatch compared to the fed group at 3 days posthatch. Apoptosis is a mechanism that contributes to the smaller myofiber size observed at 3 days posthatch.
Simone Pophal; Juanita J Evans; Paul E Mozdziak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology     Volume:  135     ISSN:  1096-4959     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, Biochem. Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-01     Completed Date:  2004-04-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9516061     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  677-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Newborn
Apoptosis / physiology*
Body Weight
Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
Chickens / growth & development*,  metabolism
In Situ Nick-End Labeling
Muscle, Skeletal / cytology*,  metabolism

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