Document Detail

Myogenic tone in mesenteric arteries from spontaneously hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8769727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To investigate myogenic tone during the developmental and established phases of hypertension, segments of distal (6th order) mesenteric arteries from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) at 5 and 20 wk were isolated and pressurized in vitro and compared with vessels from age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) control animals. At 5 wk, tone was significantly enhanced in the SHR. At 20 wk tone was no longer significantly increased over a wide pressure range, although arteries from the SHR were able to maintain diameter at all pressures studied, whereas vessels from the WKY exhibited forced distension at 180 and 200 mmHg. From the relative slope of the pressure-diameter relationship (myogenic index), no increase in peak myogenic responsiveness was observed in arteries from the SHR at either time point. Passive lumen diameters were significantly decreased in arteries from SHR at both time points. From the total and passive midwall circumference-tension relationships, total tension was observed at a reduced midwall circumference in the SHR, but increased absolute levels of total tension were not observed. The normalized midwall circumference-tension relationships in the two strains revealed increased total tension due to active tension development at a reduced normalized circumference at 5 wk in the SHR. At 20 wk the normalized midwall circumference-tension relationships in the two strains were identical. These results demonstrate that myogenic tone in mesenteric arteries is enhanced during the development of hypertension but not when it is established, except at high intraluminal pressures.
A S Izzard; S J Bund; A M Heagerty
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  270     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-20     Completed Date:  1996-12-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H1-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Manchester Royal Infirmary, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology
Blood Pressure
Hypertension / genetics,  physiopathology*
Mesenteric Arteries / physiopathology*
Muscle Tonus*
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / physiopathology*
Rats, Inbred SHR / growth & development,  physiology*
Rats, Inbred WKY / growth & development,  physiology
Reference Values

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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