Document Detail

Myocyte cell loss and myocyte hypertrophy in the aging rat heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2946746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine the effects of age on the myocardium, the functional and structural characteristics of the heart were studied in rats at 3, 10 to 12 and 19 to 21 months of age. Systemic arterial pressure, left ventricular pressure and its first derivative (dP/dt) and heart rate were comparable in the three animal groups. In the interval between 3 and 10 to 12 months, mean myocyte cell volume per nucleus increased 53 and 26% in the left and the right ventricle, respectively. The total number of myocyte nuclei remained constant in either ventricle. In the following period, between 10 to 12 and 19 to 21 months, a 39% further cellular hypertrophy on the left side of the heart was found in association with an 18% loss of cells in the ventricle. Cell loss was accompanied by discrete areas of interstitial and replacement fibrosis in the subendocardium. In contrast, no myocardial damage was observed in the right ventricle, and the measured 35% additional enlargement of myocytes occurred without a change in cell number. Thus, the aging left ventricle is composed of a smaller number of hypertrophied cells. Cellular hypertrophy may explain the unaltered cardiac function of the aged myocardium.
P Anversa; B Hiler; R Ricci; G Guideri; G Olivetti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1986 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-01-05     Completed Date:  1987-01-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1441-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomegaly / pathology*
Cell Count
Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure
Myocardium / pathology*,  ultrastructure
Organ Size
Rats, Inbred Strains
Grant Support

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