Document Detail

Myocardial uptake of lignocaine: pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in the isolated perfused heart of the rabbit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2085708     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. The uptake kinetics and pharmacodynamics of lignocaine were studied in isolated perfused heart of the rabbit. 2. Six hearts were perfused with increasing concentrations of lignocaine in a modified Krebs-Henseleit buffer. The effluent concentration together with the increase in QRS duration were measured during lignocaine infusion and during 20 min after cessation of lignocaine infusion. 3. Lignocaine disposition and elimination were best described by a two-compartment open model. Terminal half-life was 11.0 +/- 2.9 min. The unidirectional transfer was slower from central to peripheral compartment than from peripheral to central compartment (T1/2.12 = 42.6 +/- 10.5 min whereas T1/2.21 = 10.7 +/- 2.8 min). The myocardium/perfusate concentration-ratio was 4.7 +/- 0.4. 4. The pharmacodynamic effect was best described in the central compartment by using the Hill equation. Calculated maximum QRS duration (Emax) was 77 +/- 8 ms. Emax was also directly measured in four additional rabbits by infusing ten times the dose of lignocaine used in the main experiment: the value of Emax measured in these conditions was 92.5 +/- 9.6 ms, i.e. a QRS widening of 150%. The steady-state perfusate concentration producing half the effect (C50) was 15.7 +/- 7.6 micrograms ml-1. 6. In conclusion, the specific lignocaine binding leading to increase in QRS duration appeared to be more closely related to the vascular stream than non specific binding leading to a deeper accumulation process.
J X Mazoit; J P Kantelip; E E Orhant; J M Talmant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of pharmacology     Volume:  101     ISSN:  0007-1188     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1990 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-05-23     Completed Date:  1991-05-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502536     Medline TA:  Br J Pharmacol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Département d'Anesthésie-Réanimation, Université Paris-Sud, Hôpital Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.
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MeSH Terms
Heart / drug effects*
Heart Rate / drug effects
Lidocaine / pharmacokinetics*,  pharmacology
Models, Biological
Myocardium / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:

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