Document Detail

Myocardial substrate and route of administration determine acute cardiac retention and lung bio-distribution of cardiosphere-derived cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21448759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Quantification of acute myocardial retention and lung bio-distribution of cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) following transplantation is important to improve engraftment. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied acute(1 hour) cardiac/lung retention in 4 groups (n = 25) of rats (normal-NL, acute ischemia-reperfusion-AI-RM, acute permanent ligation-PL, and chronic infarct by ischemia-reperfusion-CI-R) using intra-myocardial delivery, 1 group using intracoronary delivery (acute ischemia-reperfusion, AI-RC, n = 5) and 1 group using intravenous delivery (acute ischemia-reperfusion, AI-RV, n = 5) of CDCs by PET. Cardiac retention was similar in the NL, AI-RM, CI-R, and A-IRC groups (13.6% ± 2.3% vs 12.0% ± 3.9% vs 9.9 ± 2.8 vs 15.4% ± 5.5%; P = NS), but higher in PL animals (22.9% ± 5.2%; P < .05). Low cardiac retention was associated with significantly higher lung activity in NL and AI-RM groups (43.3% ± 5.6% and 39.9% ± 9.3%), compared to PL (28.5% ± 5.9%), CI-R (20.2% ± 9.3%), and A-IRC (19.9% ± 5.6%) animals (P < .05 vs AI-RM and NL). Lung activity was highest following intravenous CDC delivery (55.1% ± 9.3%, P < .001) and was associated with very low cardiac retention (0.8% ± 1.06%). Two-photon microscopy indicated that CDCs escaped to the lungs via the coronary veins following intra-myocardial injection. CONCLUSIONS: Acute cardiac retention and lung bio-distribution vary with the myocardial substrate and injection route. Intra-myocardially injected CDCs escape into the lungs via coronary veins, an effect that is more pronounced in perfused myocardium.
Michael Bonios; John Terrovitis; Connie Y Chang; James M Engles; Takahiro Higuchi; Riikka Lautamäki; Jianhua Yu; James Fox; Martin Pomper; Richard L Wahl; Benjamin M Tsui; Brian O'Rourke; Frank M Bengel; Eduardo Marbán; M Roselle Abraham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Johns Hopkins University, 720 Rutland Ave, Ross 871, Baltimore, MD, 21210, USA.
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