Document Detail


Myocardial reperfusion, a cause of ischemic injury during cardiopulmonary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  941098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Reperfusion following myocardial ischemia has been postulated to cause myocardial edema resulting in increasing interstitial pressure and retardation of the microcirculation. If ischemia then is repeated, the additional insult results in increasing edema and possible infarction. In order to test this hypothesis, 15 pigs were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass with coronary perfusion maintained at 100 mm. Hg by a separate pump through the clamped aortic root. Coronary flow and vascular resistance were recorded. Distribution of coronary blood flow was monitored by injection of radioactively labeled microspheres (15 mu). Myocardial extravascular water was measured by simultaneously determining myocardial intravascular water with radioactive iodinated serum albumin (RISA) and total myocardial water with tritiated water (THO). Three 30 minute periods of myocardial ischemia and 5 minutes of coronary perfusion produced (1) a loss of the reactive hyperemic response to ischemia (coronary vascular resistance increased--from 0.295 +/- 0.024, control, to 0.366 +/- 0.042, after anoxia--rather than decreasing with reactive hyperemia induced vasodilatation); (2) a significant maldistribution of coronary flow away from the endocardium (endocardial: epicardial perfusion ratio 1.10 +/- 0.05, control, to 0.69 +/- 0.08, following ischemia, p less than 0.05); and (3) significant myocardial edema. Myocardial extravascular water rose from 46.4 +/- 1.7 ml. per 100 Gm., control, to 52.6 +/- 2.0 ml. per 100 Gm., after ischemia (p less than 0.05), whereas intravascular myocardial volume did not change significantly. Both light and electron microscopic examination of the postischemic myocardium shows interstitial and intracellular edema with typical ischemic changes at a cellular and subcellular level. The significant increase in myocardial extravascular water content associated with this injury supports the concept that myocardial reperfusion plays a role in its development.
Authors:
R Chandra; F G Baumann; R A Goldman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0039-6060     ISO Abbreviation:  Surgery     Publication Date:  1976 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-09-25     Completed Date:  1976-09-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417347     Medline TA:  Surgery     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  266-76     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cardiopulmonary Bypass / adverse effects*
Coronary Circulation*
Coronary Disease / etiology*
Disease Models, Animal
Edema / etiology
Extracorporeal Circulation / adverse effects*
Myocardium / pathology,  ultrastructure
Swine
Vascular Resistance

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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