Document Detail

Myocardial protection during coronary angioplasty with an autoperfusion balloon catheter in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2972418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An autoperfusion balloon catheter was developed to allow passive myocardial perfusion during inflation through a central lumen and multiple side holes in the shaft proximal and distal to the balloon. We report its safety and efficacy in 11 patients undergoing elective angioplasty to a single coronary lesion. Each lesion was dilated three times with the autoperfusion inflation bracketed between two inflations by standard angioplasty catheters. Chest pain score, 12-lead electrocardiogram, heart rate, and mean aortic pressure were recorded before each inflation and at 1-minute intervals after inflation. Inflation duration during autoperfusion angioplasty (513 +/- 303 seconds) was longer than for the pre- (107 +/- 55 seconds, p = 0.0004) and post- (139 +/- 71 seconds, p = 0.0006) standard dilatations. The maximum ST-segment elevation and depression in any lead during autoperfusion angioplasty (0.3 +/- 0.5 and 0.6 +/- 0.8 mm) was significantly less than for the pre- (2.4 +/- 1.7 mm, p = 0.002 and 2.2 +/- 1.3 mm, p = 0.0004) or post- (1.9 +/- 1.3 mm, p = 0.002 and 1.6 +/- 1.3 mm, p = 0.018) standard dilatations at the same point in time. Maximal chest pain score during autoperfusion (3.2 +/- 3.5) was lower than for the pre- (6.1 +/- 2.1, p = 0.003) but not the post- (5.2 +/- 3.1, p = 0.07) standard angioplasty. All 11 patients underwent successful, uncomplicated procedures. We conclude that this autoperfusion catheter significantly reduces ischemic symptoms and signs during coronary angioplasty, allowing prolonged periods of balloon inflation.
P J Quigley; T Hinohara; H R Phillips; R H Peter; V S Behar; Y Kong; C A Simonton; J A Perez; R S Stack
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1988 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-12-02     Completed Date:  1988-12-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1128-34     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Balloon / instrumentation*
Coronary Circulation
Coronary Disease / therapy*
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / prevention & control*
Time Factors
Grant Support

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