Document Detail


Myocardial protection by glucose-insulin-potassium in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing urgent multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22986417     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: /st>The aim of this randomized and controlled trial was to investigate the effect of a glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) solution on myocardial protection in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing urgent multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. METHODS: /st>Sixty-six patients were randomly allocated either to receive 0.3 ml kg(-1) h(-2) GIK solution (potassium 80 mEq and regular insulin 325 IU in 500 ml of 50% glucose) or equivalent volume of normal saline (control) upon anaesthetic induction until 6 h after reperfusion. The primary endpoints were to compare the concentrations of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and troponin-T between the groups after reperfusion. The secondary endpoints were to compare the incidences of postoperative troponin-T >0.8 ng ml(-1) and myocardial infarction (MI) between the groups. RESULTS: /st>Highest CK-MB [8.7 (4.4) vs 13.1 (7.9) ng ml(-1), P=0.006] and troponin-T [0.20 (0.13-0.49) vs 0.48 (0.18-0.91) ng ml(-1), P<0.0001] values after reperfusion were significantly lower in the GIK group compared with the control group. The area under the curve of serially measured troponin-T was also significantly smaller in the GIK group compared with the control group [0.83 (0.43-1.81) vs 0.46 (0.31-1.00), P=0.036]. Significantly fewer patients in the GIK group showed troponin-T >0.8 ng ml(-1) after reperfusion compared with the control group (3 vs 11, P=0.033). The incidence of postoperative MI was similar between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: /st>GIK administration in ACS patients undergoing urgent multivessel OPCAB significantly attenuated the degree of ensuing myocardial injury without complications related to glycaemic control.Clinical Trial Registry. URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01384656?term=GIK+AND+OPCAB&rank=1. Unique identification number NCT01384656.
Authors:
J-K Shim; S-Y Yang; Y-C Yoo; K-J Yoo; Y-L Kwak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anaesthesia and Pain Research Institute and.
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