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Myocardial function in offspring 5-8years after pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21550734     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia and diabetic pregnancies share pathophysiological features suggested to influence epigenetic changes during foetal life with importance for later development and metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. AIM: Our objective was to study the myocardium in offspring after pregnancy complications. METHODS: Forty-five children (age 5-8years) delivered from pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia (n=25), diabetes mellitus type 1 (n=8) or gestational diabetes mellitus (n=12) were included. Fifteen children from uneventful pregnancies served as controls. Myocardial functions of right and left ventricle were examined by conventional Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). RESULTS: No major differences were found in the myocardial function between offspring of pregnancy complications and control group. However, the preeclampsia group had smaller hearts, increased heart rate and increased late diastolic velocity (A'-wave) at mitral valve attachments shown by both pulsed wave and colour TDI compared to the control and diabetic groups together (p≤0.01). CONCLUSION: Children born after preeclampsia may show effects of a negative impact on the heart already at the age of 5 to 8years. The numbers of examined children were, however, limited.
Authors:
Drude Fugelseth; Heidi Bente Ramstad; Anne Stine Kvehaugen; Eirik Nestaas; Asbjørn Støylen; Anne Cathrine Staff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neonatal Intensive Care, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
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