Document Detail

Myocardial bridging on coronary CTA: An innocent bystander or a culprit in myocardial infarction?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22264630     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Myocardial bridging describes the clinical entity whereby a segment of coronary artery is either partially or completely covered by surrounding myocardium. It represents the most frequent congenital coronary anomaly and has an estimated prevalence of ≤13% on angiographic series. With the emergence of cardiac computed tomography and its ability to simultaneously image the coronary arteries and also the myocardium, there has been an apparent increase in the detection rates of myocardial bridges (prevalence as high as 44%). It has now become important to evaluate their clinical significance. Myocardial bridging is generally considered a benign entity with survival rates of 97% at 5 years; however, there is now emerging evidence that certain myocardial bridge characteristics may be associated with cardiovascular morbidity. The length and depth of myocardial bridges have been associated with increased atherosclerosis, whereas the degree of systolic compression has been associated with ischemia on myocardial perfusion single-photon emission tomography. On the basis of current evidence, it appears that limiting further testing for ischemia to symptomatic patients with long and/or deep myocardial brides would be appropriate.
Rine Nakanishi; Ronak Rajani; Yukio Ishikawa; Toshiharu Ishii; Daniel S Berman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-11-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1876-861X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101308347     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier Inc.
Department of Imaging and Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.
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