Document Detail


Mycotoxin levels and incidence of mould in Turkish rice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20824330     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
One hundred unpackaged rice samples, each weighing 500 g, were randomly collected at retail stores and open markets in the largest rice growing area (Thrace) in Turkey and analysed for mould counts, predominant mould genera, moisture content and mycotoxin levels. Mould counts ranged from 1.0 × 10(1) to 1.5 × 10(4) cfu/g in 70 of 100 samples, and the correlation between moisture content and mould count was significant (p ≤ 0.05). Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium spp., potential mycotoxin producers, were the dominant moulds. In one area from which samples were collected, the mycotoxin content of rice was found to be positively correlated with moisture content; samples with higher moisture also contained higher numbers of moulds. The levels of total aflatoxins, aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A were higher than the maximum tolerable limits (4, 2 and 3 μg/kg, according to the EC Regulation and the Turkish Food Codex) for 32, 14 and 30 of 100 rice samples, respectively. This is the first comprehensive report of ochratoxin A levels in rice grown in Thrace, Turkey.
Authors:
Ali Aydin; Harun Aksu; Ugur Gunsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental monitoring and assessment     Volume:  178     ISSN:  1573-2959     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Monit Assess     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508350     Medline TA:  Environ Monit Assess     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey, aliaydin@istanbul.edu.tr.
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