Document Detail


Mycotoxin formation in moist 2-row and 6-row barley during granary storage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3574439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eleven-kilogram parcels of 2-row and 6-row barley initially at 18% moisture content were implanted in dry bulk oats in a farm granary in Manitoba for 60 weeks between August 1983 and October 1984. Temperature, moisture content, O2 and CO2 levels, fat acidity values, seed germination, microfloral incidence and abundance and the presence of major mycotoxins (aflatoxins, sterigmatocystin, ochratoxin A, citrinin, penicillinic acid, patulin) were monitored. Ochratoxin A reached maximum levels of 0.97 ppm by week 24 in the 6-row barley, and 0.05 ppm by week 28 in the 2-row; no other mycotoxins were detected. The effect of cultivar type was significant (P less than 0.01) with greater effects in the 6-row barley for the following parameters: fat acidity value, germination, incidence of Alternaria alternata, Penicillium spp. and Helminthosporium sativum, total fungal propagule count and ochratoxin A levels. The effect of time was significant (P less than 0.05) for all variables except oxygen, carbon dioxide, Aspergillus versicolor, and total fungal propagule count. The interaction between cultivar and time was significant (P less than 0.01) for Alternaria and Helminthosporium only.
Authors:
D Abramson; R N Sinha; J T Mills
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mycopathologia     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0301-486X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mycopathologia     Publication Date:  1987 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-06-05     Completed Date:  1987-06-05     Revised Date:  2002-11-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505689     Medline TA:  Mycopathologia     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alternaria / growth & development,  metabolism
Cereals*
Food Microbiology*
Fungi / growth & development*,  metabolism
Helminthosporium / growth & development,  metabolism
Hordeum*
Ochratoxins / biosynthesis*
Penicillium / growth & development,  metabolism
Seeds
Temperature
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ochratoxins; 303-47-9/ochratoxin A

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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