Document Detail


Mutual exclusivity and phonological novelty constrain word learning at 16 months.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21092371     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Studies report that infants as young as 1 ; 3 to 1 ; 5 will seek out a novel object in response to hearing a novel label (e.g. Halberda, 2003; Markman, Wasow & Hansen, 2003). This behaviour is commonly known as the 'mutual exclusivity' response (Markman, 1989; 1990). However, evidence for mutual exclusivity does not imply that the infant has associated a novel label with a novel object. We used an intermodal preferential looking task to investigate whether infants aged 1 ; 4 could use mutual exclusivity to guide their association of novel labels with novel objects. The results show that infants can successfully map a novel label onto a novel object, provided that the novel label has no familiar phonological neighbours. Therefore, as early as 1 ; 4, infants can use mutual exclusivity to form novel word-object associations, although this process is constrained by the phonological novelty of a label.
Authors:
Emily Mather; Kim Plunkett
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child language     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1469-7602     ISO Abbreviation:  J Child Lang     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-18     Completed Date:  2012-02-17     Revised Date:  2014-10-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425743     Medline TA:  J Child Lang     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  933-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Child Development
Child Language*
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Phonetics*
Verbal Learning*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
BB/E007406/1//Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council; BBE0074061//Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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