Document Detail


Mutism: review, differential diagnosis, and report of 22 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3777229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mutism is a common manifestation of both psychiatric and neurologic illness. Psychiatric disturbances associated with mutism include schizophrenia, affective disorders, conversion reactions, dissociative states, and dementias. Neurologic disorders producing mutism involve the basal ganglia, frontal lobes, or limbic system structures. In psychiatric and neurologic conditions, mutism is often associated with other signs of catatonia. The authors review the literature on mutism, including psychiatric, neurologic, toxic-metabolic, and drug-induced causes. Methods to discriminate among the many causes of mutism in the clinical setting are discussed, and 22 new cases of mutism are reported to emphasize the wide differential diagnosis.
Authors:
L L Altshuler; J L Cummings; M J Mills
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of psychiatry     Volume:  143     ISSN:  0002-953X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  1986 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-11-28     Completed Date:  1986-11-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370512     Medline TA:  Am J Psychiatry     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1409-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Amobarbital / diagnostic use
Catatonia / complications,  diagnosis,  epidemiology
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders / complications,  diagnosis,  epidemiology
Middle Aged
Mutism / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  etiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-43-2/Amobarbital
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Am J Psychiatry 1987 Apr;144(4):542

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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