Document Detail

Mutations in the vasopressin prohormone involved in diabetes insipidus impair endoplasmic reticulum export but not sorting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10409675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Familial neurohypophysial diabetes insipidus is characterized by vasopressin deficiency caused by heterozygous expression of a mutated vasopressin prohormone gene. To elucidate the mechanism of this disease, we stably expressed five vasopressin prohormones with a mutation in the neurophysin moiety (NP14G-->R, NP47E-->G, NP47DeltaE, NP57G-->S, and NP65G-->V) in the neuroendocrine cell lines Neuro-2A and PC12/PC2. Metabolic labeling demonstrated that processing and secretion of all five mutants was impaired, albeit to different extents (NP65G-->V >/= NP14G-->R > NP47DeltaE >/= NP47E-->G > NP57G-->S). Persisting endoglycosidase H sensitivity revealed these defects to be due to retention of mutant prohormone in the endoplasmic reticulum. Mutant prohormones that partially passed the endoplasmic reticulum were normally targeted to the regulated secretory pathway. Surprisingly, this also included mutants with mutations in residues involved in binding of vasopressin to neurophysin, a process implicated in targeting of the prohormone. To mimick the high expression in vasopressin-producing neurons, mutant vasopressin prohormones were transiently expressed in Neuro-2A cells. Immunofluorescence displayed formation of large accumulations of mutant prohormone in the endoplasmic reticulum, accompanied by redistribution of an endoplasmic reticulum marker. Our data suggest that prolonged perturbation of the endoplasmic reticulum eventually leads to degeneration of neurons expressing mutant vasopressin prohormones, explaining the dominant nature of the disease.
M Nijenhuis; R Zalm; J P Burbach
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  274     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-26     Completed Date:  1999-08-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  21200-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Pharmacology, Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neurosciences, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 100, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Transport / genetics
Diabetes Insipidus / genetics*,  metabolism,  pathology
Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism*
Neurosecretory Systems / metabolism,  pathology
Protein Precursors / genetics*,  metabolism
Vasopressins / genetics*,  metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Protein Precursors; 11000-17-2/Vasopressins

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