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Mutations in GFPT1 that underlie limb-girdle congenital myasthenic syndrome result in reduced cell-surface expression of muscle AChR.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23569079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Mutations in GFPT1 underlie a congenital myasthenic syndrome characterised by a limb-girdle pattern of muscle weakness. Glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase 1 (GFPT1) is a key rate-limiting enzyme in the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway providing building blocks for the glycosylation of proteins and lipids. It is expressed ubiquitously and it is not readily apparent why mutations in this gene should cause a syndrome with symptoms restricted to muscle and in particular to the neuromuscular junction. Data from a muscle biopsy obtained from a patient with GFPT1mutations indicated that there were reduced endplate acetylcholine receptors. We therefore further investigated the relationship between identified mutations in GFPT1 and expression of muscle acetylcholine receptor.Cultured myotubes derived from two patients with GFPT1 mutations showed a significant reduction of cell-surface AChR expression (Pt1 p<0.0001; Pt2 p=0.0097). Inhibition of GFPT1 enzymatic activity or siRNA silencing of GFPT1 expression both resulted in reduced AChR cell-surface expression. Western blot and gene silencing experiments indicate this is due to reduced steady-state levels of AChR α, δ, ε, but not β subunits rather than altered transcription of AChR-subunit RNA. UDP-GlcNAc, a product of the hexosamine synthetic pathway, acts as a substrate at an early in the N-linked glycosylation pathway. Similarity between congenital myasthenic syndrome due to GFPT1 mutations and congenital myasthenic syndrome due to DPAGT1 mutations would suggest that reduced endplate AChR due to defective N-linked glycosylation is a primary disease mechanism in this disorder.
Katarzyna Zoltowska; Richard Webster; Sarah Finlayson; Susan Maxwell; Judith Cossins; Juliane Müller; Hanns Lochmüller; David Beeson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human molecular genetics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2083     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Mol. Genet.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208958     Medline TA:  Hum Mol Genet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, OX3 9DS, Oxford, UK.
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