Document Detail

Musicians show general enhancement of complex sound encoding and better inhibition of irrelevant auditory change in music: an ERP study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23301775     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Using electrophysiology, we have examined two questions in relation to musical training - namely, whether it enhances sensory encoding of the human voice and whether it improves the ability to ignore irrelevant auditory change. Participants performed an auditory distraction task, in which they identified each sound as either short (350 ms) or long (550 ms) and ignored a change in timbre of the sounds. Sounds consisted of a male and a female voice saying a neutral sound [a], and of a cello and a French Horn playing an F3 note. In some blocks, musical sounds occurred on 80% of trials, while voice sounds on 20% of trials. In other blocks, the reverse was true. Participants heard naturally recorded sounds in half of experimental blocks and their spectrally-rotated versions in the other half. Regarding voice perception, we found that musicians had a larger N1 event-related potential component not only to vocal sounds but also to their never before heard spectrally-rotated versions. We therefore conclude that musical training is associated with a general improvement in the early neural encoding of complex sounds. Regarding the ability to ignore irrelevant auditory change, musicians' accuracy tended to suffer less from the change in timbre of the sounds, especially when deviants were musical notes. This behavioral finding was accompanied by a marginally larger re-orienting negativity in musicians, suggesting that their advantage may lie in a more efficient disengagement of attention from the distracting auditory dimension.
Natalya Kaganovich; Jihyun Kim; Caryn Herring; Jennifer Schumaker; Megan Macpherson; Christine Weber-Fox
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2013-01-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European journal of neuroscience     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1460-9568     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-15     Completed Date:  2013-10-17     Revised Date:  2014-04-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8918110     Medline TA:  Eur J Neurosci     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1295-307     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Attention / physiology*
Auditory Perception / physiology*
Brain / physiology*
Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support

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