Document Detail

Musical hallucinations and deafness: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11877553     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To present the case of a patient with acquired deafness who experienced musical hallucinations (MH) and to conduct a review of the relevant literature. BACKGROUND: Although MH have been known to occur in some people with deafness, literature on this phenomenon, especially from the perspective of etiology and treatment, is limited. METHODS: The case report was prepared using a detailed history, general psychiatric and neurologic examinations, and neurobehavioral assessments, and the pertinent literature from 1965 to 2000 was reviewed. RESULTS: The patient whose case is reported here had acquired deafness and was assessed to have MH and obsessive-compulsive symptoms that responded to the use of nonantipsychotic medication. CONCLUSION: The phenomenon of MH with hearing problems that are either prelingual or acquired can exist separately or be a part of constellation of psychiatric symptoms. No precise etiologic basis is yet clearly identifiable; however, this report offers support for a central mechanism explained by the "Release Theory." Additionally, it appears that such hallucinations might be managed safely with psychotropic medications other than antipsychotics.
Jeffrey A Ali
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychiatry, neuropsychology, and behavioral neurology     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0894-878X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol     Publication Date:  2002 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-05     Completed Date:  2002-04-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811108     Medline TA:  Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  66-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, School of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi.
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MeSH Terms
Carbamazepine / therapeutic use
Deafness / psychology*
Drug Therapy, Combination
Fluvoxamine / therapeutic use
Hallucinations / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  psychology*
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  psychology
Tinnitus / diagnosis,  psychology
Reg. No./Substance:
298-46-4/Carbamazepine; 54739-18-3/Fluvoxamine

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