Document Detail


Music preference and relaxation in Taiwanese elderly people.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15486546     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to identify individual musical preferences, investigate the relationship between an individual's musical preferences and demographic variables, and examine the effects of the selected music on relaxation. Fifty healthy subjects (mean age 65.7; SD = 5.2) from the community participated in the study. Musical preference interviews and relaxed responses to selected music were administered to the study participants individually in the investigator's office. Participants' heart rates, respiratory rates, and finger temperature were measured before they listened to the introductory tape and again after they listened to the selected music for 20 minutes. The participants were asked to judge how much they liked the 6 types of soothing music and were asked to rate it on a scale. The results indicated that Chinese orchestral music was the preferred choice, followed by harp, piano, synthesizer, orchestral, and finally slow jazz. There were no differences among types of music on relaxation, and no significant differences between musical preference and any demographic variables. The heart rates and respiratory rates of the participants were significantly lower (t = 21.24, P < .001 and t = 20.09, P < .001, respectively). Finger temperature (t = -33.20, P < .001) raised significantly after listening to the selected music. These findings suggest that soothing music selections have beneficial effects on relaxation in community-residing elderly people.
Authors:
Hui-Ling Lai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Geriatric nursing (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0197-4572     ISO Abbreviation:  Geriatr Nurs     Publication Date:    2004 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-15     Completed Date:  2004-12-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309633     Medline TA:  Geriatr Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  286-91     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
Nursing Department, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged* / physiology,  psychology
Aged, 80 and over
Attitude to Health* / ethnology
Body Temperature / physiology
Choice Behavior* / physiology
Female
Fingers / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Music / psychology
Music Therapy / methods*
Nursing Methodology Research
Psychoacoustics
Questionnaires
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology
Stress, Psychological* / physiopathology,  prevention & control,  psychology
Taiwan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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