Document Detail

Music intervention and preoperative anxiety: an integrative review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21554287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PITTMAN S. & KRIDLI S. (2011) Music intervention and preoperative anxiety: an integrative review. International Nursing Review58, 157-163 Background:  Hospitalized patients and patients scheduled to undergo surgery or invasive medical procedures experience high levels of anxiety. Recently, music intervention has been evaluated for its anxiolytic effects in preoperative patients. Aim:  The aim of this integrative review was to illustrate the varying methodological approaches utilized to assess the efficacy of a music intervention in reducing preoperative anxiety in adults. Methods:  A total of 11 articles, meeting the inclusion criteria, were evaluated and included. Findings:  Three of the eight (38%) studies, investigating the effect of listening to music on blood pressure, concluded that listening to music lowered blood pressure. Three of seven (43%) studies, investigating the relationship between listening to music and heart rate, illustrated patterns of decreased heart rates. Finally, two of four (50%) studies, investigating relaxing effects of listening to music on breathing, provided evidence of a decreased respiratory rate. Conclusion:  There was inconsistent evidence regarding music's effectiveness in lowering blood pressure, heart rate and respirations in anxious patients. However, music intervention can still be used by nurses to create a calm, relaxing atmosphere geared towards reducing anxiety in preoperative patients.
S Pittman; S Kridli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-02-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  International nursing review     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1466-7657     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Nurs Rev     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7808754     Medline TA:  Int Nurs Rev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-63     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. International Nursing Review © 2011 International Council of Nurses.
Registered Nurse, Cardiology/Interventional Radiology Department, Sinai Grace Hospital, Detroit Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA.
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