Document Detail

Musculoskeletal pains in relation to different sport and exercise activities in youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18845965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: We examined the associations between participation in different sports and exercise activities and neck, shoulder, and low back pains in adolescents. METHODS: This population-based study included the members of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986, who, at the age of 15 to 16 yr, completed a questionnaire including items about their musculoskeletal pains and participation in various sport and exercise activities (N = 6945). Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate how musculoskeletal pains are associated a) with participation in a certain type of sport or exercise activity and b) with the clusters formed by latent class analysis (LCA) according to the adolescents' profiles of participation in different sport and exercise activities. RESULTS: Participation in certain sports showed some direct and inverse associations with musculoskeletal pains when adjusted for participation in other sports and for the amount of physical activity. However, after grouping the individuals into clusters by their participation in different sports, these associations vanished. Only the cluster characterized by boys' active participation in several sports (i.e., ice hockey, cycling, ice-skating, soccer, floorball, rinkball/bandy, swimming, roller-skating/skateboarding, Finnish baseball) had lower prevalence of neck pain compared with the physically inactive group. CONCLUSIONS: Physically active adolescents usually engage in several different sport and exercise activities, which make associations between single sports and musculoskeletal pains inconsequential in the general population of adolescents. Participation in several sports seemed to protect from harmful effects of a single risk sport. However, this finding cannot be generalized to adolescent elite athletes who are often involved in intense training for a single sport.
Juha P Auvinen; Tuija H Tammelin; Simo P Taimela; Paavo J Zitting; Pertti O A Mutanen; Jaro I Karppinen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-12     Completed Date:  2009-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1890-900     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu and Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise / physiology*
Finland / epidemiology
Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*
Pain / epidemiology,  etiology*
Sports / classification*

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