Document Detail

Muscle-tendon units provide limited contributions to the passive stiffness of the index finger metacarpophalangeal joint.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22959836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The passive stiffness at the MCP joint is a result of the elasticity of muscle-tendon units (MTUs) and capsule ligament complex (CLC), however, the relative contributions of these two components are unknown. We hypothesize that the MTUs provide the majority of the contributions to the joint stiffness by generating resistive forces when the MCP joint is flexed or extended. We used the work done by passive moments as a measure for the determination of the contributions to the joint stiffness. We conducted experiments with ten human subjects and collected joint angle and finger tip force data. The total passive moment and joint angle data were fitted with a double exponential model, and the passive moments due to the MTUs were determined by developing subject-specific models of the passive force-length change relationships. Our results show that for all the subjects, the work done by the passive moments from the MTUs is less than 50% of the total work done, and the CLC provides dominant contributions to the joint stiffness throughout the flexion-extension range of the joint angle. Therefore, the hypothesis that the MTUs provide the majority of the contributions to the MCP joint stiffness is not supported. We also determined that the majority of the MTUs passive moment was generated by the extrinsic MTUs and the contributions of the intrinsic MTUs was negligible.
Pei-Hsin Kuo; Ashish D Deshpande
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2380     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 204 E. Dean Keeton St., ETC 1.210, Austin, TX 78712, USA.
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