Document Detail

Muscle strength according to level of physical exercise and educational background in middle-aged women in Finland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1483438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to examine the role of socio-economic status and the practice of physical exercise in explaining variation in muscle strength in 50 to 60-year-old women. Consequently, four study groups combining education and physical activity were formed: (1) university education, physically active; (2) university education, sedentary; (3) vocational or lower level of education, physically active; (4) vocational or lower level of education, sedentary. Maximal isometric strength of hand grip, arm flexion, body flexion and extension as well as dynamic power of the abdominal muscles were measured in 112 women. The results of the maximal isometric strength measurements were standardised by body mass index. The means of the maximal isometric strength results and sit-up tests were compared between the groups using two-way analysis of variance. The physically active women performed better than the sedentary in both the isometric and dynamic tests. Greater muscle strength was also found among the more highly educated compared with the less educated. The less educated sedentary women showed the poorest performance in the strength tests.
T Rantanen; T Parkatti; E Heikkinen
Related Documents :
20492588 - General strength and kinetics: fundamental to sprinting faster in cross country skiing?
11689738 - Effects of creatine supplementation on isometric force-time curve characteristics.
6856678 - Muscular strength development by electrical stimulation in healthy individuals.
11991778 - A comparison of linear and daily undulating periodized programs with equated volume and...
3868968 - The relationships between streptococcal species and periodontopathic bacteria in human ...
8973978 - Physiological correlates of 3-kilometer running performance in male children.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1992  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-02-16     Completed Date:  1993-02-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  507-12     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskyla, Finland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Body Height
Body Weight
Exercise / physiology*
Life Style
Middle Aged
Muscles / physiology*
Physical Fitness

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Influence of body position and pre-exercise activity on cardiac output and oxygen uptake following s...
Next Document:  Effects of carbohydrate feedings on plasma free tryptophan and branched-chain amino acids during pro...