Document Detail


Muscle metabolic, enzymatic and transporter responses to a session of prolonged cycling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21046138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A single session of prolonged work was employed to investigate changes in selected metabolic, transporter and enzymatic properties in muscle. Ten active but untrained volunteers (weight = 73.9 ± 4.2 kg) with a peak aerobic power [Formula: see text] of 2.95 ± 0.27 l min(-1), cycled for 2 h at 62 ± 1.3% [Formula: see text] Tissue extraction from the vastus lateralis occurred prior to (E1-Pre) and following (E1-Post) exercise and on 3 consecutive days of recovery (R1, R2, R3). The exercise resulted in decreases (P < 0.05) in ATP (-9.3%) and creatine phosphate (-49%) and increases in lactate (+100%), calculated free ADP (+253%) and free AMP (+1,207%), all of which recovered to E1-Pre by R1. Glycogen concentration, which was depressed (P < 0.05) by 75% at E1-Post, did not recover until R3. Compared to E1-Pre, the cycling also resulted in decreases (P < 0.05) in the activities of cytochrome c oxidase, phosphorylase, and hexokinase but not in citrate synthase (CS) or 3-hydroxy-CoA dehydrogenase at E1-Post. With the exception of CS, which was elevated (P < 0.05) at R3, all enzyme activities were not different from E1-Pre during recovery. For the glucose (GLUT1, GLUT4) and monocarboxylate (MCT1, MCT4) transporters, changes in expression levels (P < 0.05) were only observed for GLUT1 at R1 (+42%) and R3 (+33%). It is concluded that the metabolic stress produced by prolonged exercise is reversed by 1 day of recovery. One day of exercise also resulted in a potential upregulation in the citric acid cycle and glucose transport capabilities, adaptations which are expressed at variable recovery durations.
Authors:
H J Green; T A Duhamel; I C Smith; S M Rich; M M Thomas; J Ouyang; J E Yau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  111     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  827-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L3G1, Canada, green@healthy.uwaterloo.ca.
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