Document Detail

Muscle expression of genes associated with inflammation, growth, and remodeling is strongly correlated in older adults with resistance training outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19435833     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A group (n = 8) of healthy older (68 +/- 6 yr) adults participated in a 36-session progressive resistance exercise training program targeting the thigh muscles to determine the relationship between muscle gene expression and gains in muscle size and strength. Biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis at baseline 72 h after an acute bout of exercise and 72 h after completion of the training program. Training increased thigh muscle size (7%) and strength for the three exercises performed: knee extension (30%) and curl (28%) and leg press (20%). We quantified 18 transcripts encoding factors that function in inflammation, growth, and muscle remodeling that were demonstrated previously to be regulated by aging and acute exercise. The gain in extension strength and muscle size showed a high number of significant correlations with gene expression. These gains were most strongly correlated (P < or = 0.003, R > or = 0.89) with the baseline mRNA levels for insulin-like growth factor-1, matrix metalloproteinase-2 and its inhibitor TIMP1, and ciliary neurotrophic factor. Moreover, strength gains were inversely correlated with the change in these mRNA levels after training (P < or = 0.002 and R < or = -0.90). Changes in gene expression after acute exercise were not associated with training outcomes. These results suggest that higher baseline expression for key genes in muscle conveys an adaptive advantage for certain older adults. Individuals with lower baseline expression of these genes show less adaptation to exercise despite increased gene expression in response to training. These genes hold promise as useful predictors of training outcomes that could be used to design more effective exercise regimens for maintaining muscle function in older adults.
Richard A Dennis; Haiyan Zhu; Patrick M Kortebein; Heather M Bush; Jonathan F Harvey; Dennis H Sullivan; Charlotte A Peterson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-05-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiological genomics     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1531-2267     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Genomics     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-10     Completed Date:  2009-10-05     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815683     Medline TA:  Physiol Genomics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Geriatric Reasearch, Education, and Clinical Center, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, No. Little Rock, Arkansas 72114-1706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor / metabolism
Gene Expression Regulation / physiology*
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / metabolism
Middle Aged
Muscle Development / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / growth & development*,  metabolism*,  radiography
Resistance Training*
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 / metabolism
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor; 0/Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1; 67763-96-6/Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; EC Metalloproteinase 2

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