Document Detail


Muscle cramping in athletes--risk factors, clinical assessment, and management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18206574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exercise associated muscle cramping (EAMC) is defined as a painful, spasmodic, and involuntary contraction of skeletal muscle that occurs during or immediately after exercise. There is a high lifetime prevalence of EAMC in athletes, specifically in endurance athletes. The most important risk factors for EAMC in athletes are a previous history of EAMC, and performing exercise at a higher relative exercise intensity or duration, when compared with normal training and participating in hot and humid environmental conditions. The diagnosis of EAMC is made clinically, and the most effective immediate management of EAMC is rest and passive stretching. The key to the prevention of EAMC is to reduce the risk of developing premature muscle fatigue.
Authors:
Martin P Schwellnus; Nichola Drew; Malcolm Collins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics in sports medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1556-228X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Sports Med     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-21     Completed Date:  2008-02-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8112473     Medline TA:  Clin Sports Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  183-94, ix-x     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, 3rd Floor, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, Boundary Road, Newlands, Cape Town 7700, South Africa. martin.schwellnus@uct.ac.za
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Muscle Cramp / diagnosis*,  etiology,  therapy*
Recurrence / prevention & control
Risk Factors
Sports*

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