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Multiple sources of metabolic disturbance in ETHE1-related ethylmalonic encephalopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20978941     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is a rare metabolic disorder caused by dysfunction of ETHE1, a mitochondrial dioxygenase involved in hydrogen sulfide (H2S) detoxification. Patients present in infancy with psychomotor retardation, chronic diarrhea, orthostatic acrocyanosis and relapsing petechiae. High levels of lactic acid, ethymalonic acid (EMA) and methylsuccinic acid (MSA) are detected in body fluids. Several pathways may contribute to the pathophysiology, including isoleucine, methionine and fatty acid metabolism. We report on a 15-month-old male presenting with typical EE associated with a homozygous ETHE1 mutation. We investigated oral isoleucine (150 mg/kg), methionine (100 mg/kg), fatty acid loading tests and isoleucine-restricted diet (200 mg/day) for any effects on several metabolic parameters. Before loading tests or specific dietary interventions, EMA, C4-C5 acylcarnitines and most acylglycines were elevated, indicating functional deficiency of short chain acyl-CoA (SCAD) as well as all branched acyl-CoA dehydrogenases. Excretion of EMA and n-butyrylglycine increased following each of the loads, and isoleucine led to increased levels of derivative metabolites. An isoleucine-restricted diet for 8 days corrected some of the abnormalities but led to no obvious clinical improvement and only partial effects on EMA. A principal component analysis supports the inference that these dietary conditions have consistent effects on the global metabolic profile. Our results suggest that multiple pathways modulate EMA levels in EE. They might all interact with H2S toxicity. Prolonged dietary interventions involving the restriction for branched aminoacids, fatty acids and methionine could be discussed as auxiliary therapeutical strategies in EE.
Authors:
Magalie Barth; Chris Ottolenghi; Laurence Hubert; Dominique Chrétien; Valérie Serre; Stéphanie Gobin; Stéphane Romano; Anne Vassault; Aziz Sefiani; Daniel Ricquier; Nathalie Boddaert; Michèle Brivet; Yves de Keyzer; Arnold Munnich; Marinus Duran; Daniel Rabier; Vassili Valayannopoulos; Pascale de Lonlay
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of inherited metabolic disease     Volume:  33 Suppl 3     ISSN:  1573-2665     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Inherit. Metab. Dis.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910918     Medline TA:  J Inherit Metab Dis     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  443-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre de Référence des Maladies Métaboliques, Hôpital Necker - Enfants Malades, Paris, France.
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