Document Detail

Multiple maternal origins of chickens: out of the Asian jungles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16275023     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Domestic chickens have long been important to human societies for food, religion, entertainment, and decorative uses, yet the origins and phylogeography of chickens through Eurasia remain uncertain. Here, we assessed their origins and phylogeographic history by analyzing the mitochondrial DNA hypervariable segment I (HVS-I) for 834 domestic chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) across Eurasia as well as 66 wild red jungle fowls (Gallus gallus) from Southeast Asia and China. Phylogenetic analyses revealed nine highly divergent mtDNA clades (A-I) in which seven clades contained both the red jungle fowls and domestic chickens. There was no breed-specific clade in the chickens. The clades A, B, and E are distributed ubiquitously in Eurasia, while the other clades were restricted to South and Southeast Asia. Clade C was mainly distributed in Japan and Southeast China, while clades F and G were exclusive to Yunnan, China. The geographic distribution of clade D was closely related to the distribution of the pastime of cock fighting. Statistical tests detect population expansion within each subclade. These distinct distribution patterns and expansion signatures suggest that different clades may originate from different regions, such as Yunnan, South and Southwest China and/or surrounding areas (i.e., Vietnam, Burma, and Thailand), and the Indian subcontinent, respectively, which support the theory of multiple origins in South and Southeast Asia.
Yi-Ping Liu; Gui-Sheng Wu; Yong-Gang Yao; Yong-Wang Miao; Gordon Luikart; Mumtaz Baig; Albano Beja-Pereira; Zhao-Li Ding; Malliya Gounder Palanichamy; Ya-Ping Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-11-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular phylogenetics and evolution     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1055-7903     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-12     Completed Date:  2006-02-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304400     Medline TA:  Mol Phylogenet Evol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Yunnan Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, and Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650223, China.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Sequence
Chickens / classification*,  genetics*
DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics
Genetic Variation
Molecular Sequence Data
Poultry / classification*,  genetics*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Mitochondrial

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