Document Detail

Multiple drug hypersensitivity: normal Treg cell function but enhanced in vivo activation of drug-specific T cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21933197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
To cite this article: Daubner B, Groux-Keller M, Hausmann OV, Kawabata T, Naisbitt DJ, Park BK, Wendland T, Lerch M, Pichler WJ. Multiple drug hypersensitivity: normal Treg cell function but enhanced in vivo activation of drug-specific T cells. Allergy 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02720.x. ABSTRACT: Background:  Up to 10% of patients with severe immune-mediated drug hypersensitivity reactions have tendencies to develop multiple drug hypersensitivities (MDH). The reason why certain individuals develop MDH and the underlying pathomechanism are unclear. We investigated different T cell subpopulations in MDH patients and compared them with patients allergic to a single drug and with healthy controls (HC). Methods:  We analyzed the in vitro reactivity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from MDH patients (n = 7), patients with hypersensitivity to a single drug (monoallergic, n = 6), and healthy controls (HD) (n = 6) to various drugs (mainly antibiotics and antiepileptics). By depleting and selectively re-adding CD4(+)  CD25(bright) T cells (T regulatory cells, Treg), their effect on drug-specific T cell reactivity was analyzed. The phenotype of reacting T cells was determined ex vivo by staining for markers of activation (CD38) and cell exhaustion (PD-1). Results:  No functional deficiency of Treg cells was observed in all drug-allergic patients. Drug-reactive T cells from MDH patients were found in the CD4(+)  CD25(dim) T cell fraction and showed enhanced CD38 and PD-1 expression, while those from monoallergic patients reside in the resting CD4(+)  CD25(neg) T cell fraction. Conclusion:  In patients with MDH, the drug-reactive T cells are contained in an in vivo pre-activated T cell fraction. Therefore, they may show a lower threshold for activation by drugs. The reason for this in vivo T cell pre-activation needs further investigations.
B Daubner; M Groux-Keller; O V Hausmann; T Kawabata; D J Naisbitt; B K Park; T Wendland; M Lerch; W J Pichler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1398-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804028     Medline TA:  Allergy     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Adverse Drug Reactions - Analysis and Consulting (ADR-AC) GmbH, Bern Division of Allergology, Clinic for Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology/Allergology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland Drug Safety Research and Development, Pfizer, Inc., Groton, CT, USA Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK Division of Internal Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern Division of Dermatology/Allergology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
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