Document Detail


Multipathway polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and pyrene exposure among children living in Campania (Italy).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17018403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Multipathway exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Pyrene (Py) was studied among children ages 7-9 living in two areas of the Campania Region (South-Italy) classified as urban and rural. During five consecutive days PAHs and Py were detected in air samples from outdoors, indoors (school and home), individuals at inhalatory levels, and in food and beverages (defined as food) consumed daily by each child. 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) was detected in children's urine. Gender, weight and height of each subject were recorded, and the personal Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated. The type of home heating, the presence of smokers and the number of cigarettes smoked at home was determined. Total PAH and Py median concentrations in outdoor air from urban areas were 1.70 ng m(-3) and 0.19 ng m(-3), respectively while in rural areas they were 1.10 ng m(-3) and 0.14 ng m(-3). Indoor air total PAH and Py median concentrations were 2.50 ng m(-3) and 0.15 ng m(-3), respectively for urban areas, and 4.10 ng m(-3) and 0.15 ng m(-3) for rural areas. In food the total PAH and Py median levels were 10.44 and 0.81 microg kg(-1) in urban areas and 18.90 and 0.90 microg kg(-1) in rural areas. The median urinary levels of 1-OHP for urban and rural children were 0.07 and 0.06 micromol/mol creat., respectively. From these data, food appears to be the most relevant source of exposure to PAHs and Py. The Py intake from single (food or air) or total (food and air) pathways did not significantly correlate with the urinary 1-OHP excreted daily for each child during all 5 days of observation.
Authors:
Teresa Cirillo; Paolo Montuori; Pierangela Mainardi; Imma Russo; Maria Triassi; Renata Amodio-Cocchieri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1093-4529     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-04     Completed Date:  2007-01-23     Revised Date:  2009-08-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812551     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2089-107     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science, University of Naples "Federico II", Portici, Naples, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*,  urine
Air Pollution, Indoor*
Biological Markers / urine
Child
Environmental Monitoring
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Female
Food Contamination / analysis*
Humans
Inhalation Exposure*
Italy
Male
Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic / analysis*,  urine
Pyrenes / analysis*
Rural Population
Urban Population
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Biological Markers; 0/Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; 0/Pyrenes; 5315-79-7/1-hydroxypyrene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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