Document Detail

Multiflex versus superelastic: a randomized clinical trial of the tooth alignment ability of initial arch wires.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7484965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two arch wires commonly used for initial tooth alignment were compared with regard to their clinical effectiveness. The two arch wires tested were 0.0155-inch diameter multiple-stranded stainless steel wire (Dentaflex, Dentaurium, Optident, Yorkshire, England) and 0.014-inch diameter nickel-titanium alloy wire (NiTi, ORMCO Co., Monrovia, Calif.). Consecutive patients attending an orthodontic clinic for routine placement of a fixed appliance were randomly assigned one of these two initial arch wires. Good quality alginate impressions of the appropriate dental arch were taken before arch wire placement and also at the subsequent appointment, which was, on average, 6 weeks later. Seventy-four arches were used in this study. The degree of tooth alignment achieved for each wire type was compared with a Reflex Microscope (Reflex Measurement Ltd., Butleigh, England) to make detailed measurements on the resultant casts. The degree of initial alignment achieved with the two wires was similar over this 6-week period. However, some differences were found for the lower labial segment where the interbracket span is usually reduced and where the superelastic nickel-titanium wire was found to give improved alignment. No threshold of crowding was found where one arch wire performed better than the other.
A E West; M L Jones; R G Newcombe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0889-5406     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Publication Date:  1995 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-06     Completed Date:  1995-12-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610224     Medline TA:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  464-71     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
University of Wales College of Medicine, Lisburn, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Dental Alloys*
Orthodontic Wires*
Reproducibility of Results
Stainless Steel
Tooth Movement / instrumentation
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dental Alloys; 12035-60-8/titanium nickelide; 12597-68-1/Stainless Steel; 7440-02-0/Nickel; 7440-32-6/Titanium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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