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Multifaceted prismatic silver nanoparticles: synthesis by chloride-directed selective growth from thiolate-protected clusters and SERS properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034740     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We describe the synthetic preparation of well-defined symmetric multifaceted prismatic silver nanoparticles with chemically controlled faceting advantageous for strong and tunable surface-enhanced Raman scattering, SERS. These silver nanoparticles, that have been termed nanoflowers, AgNFls for their characteristic morphologies, have been prepared by a one-pot aqueous reaction under ambient conditions. AgNFl faceting is synthetically controlled by selective nanoparticle growth driven by chloride ions. Selective chloride binding to the surface of growing AgNFls results in nanoparticle enlargement predominantly at the points of their highest energy. These growth points are located at the tips of prismatic polygons in precursor prismatic morphologies that have been produced from thiolate-protected silver clusters whose coalescence is triggered with a strong base. For the practical aspects of AgNFl synthesis, concentrations of thiol and a strong base were found to be the key variables reliably controlling the extent of AgNFl faceting, as well as the kinetics of AgNFl formation and their stability. The selective growth of AgNFls progresses slower compared to that of non-faceted prisms: fewer nuclei can form leading to larger AgNFls with the diameter ranging from 130 to 2250 nm and asperity sizes on the order of 20 to 100 nm. Self-assembly of AgNFls yields columnar stacking. AgNFls were demonstrated to function as a promising substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering. SERS measurements were performed for a series of AgNFls with variable faceting, where the enhancement factors of 4.6 × 10(8) and 425 have been achieved for dry solid films and aqueous dispersions of non-aggregated AgNFls with single-particle enhancement, respectively. These SERS results are promising, especially in combination with that AgNFl nanoscale asperities can be conveniently tailored synthetically. Overall, AgNFls offer valuable opportunities for a system with synthetically variable nanoscale asperities.
Authors:
Nicole Cathcart; Vladimir Kitaev
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nanoscale     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2040-3372     ISO Abbreviation:  Nanoscale     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101525249     Medline TA:  Nanoscale     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Avenue W, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3C5. vkitaev@wlu.ca.
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