Document Detail

Multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of delayed pushing for nulliparous women in the second stage of labor with continuous epidural analgesia. The PEOPLE (Pushing Early or Pushing Late with Epidural) Study Group.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10819854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether a policy of delayed pushing for nulliparous women with continuous-infusion epidural analgesia reduces the risk of difficult delivery (cesarean delivery, operative delivery from a midpelvic position, low-pelvic procedures with rotation >45 degrees ).
STUDY DESIGN: In this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial women in the delayed pushing group (n = 936) were advised to wait > or =2 hours after full dilatation before commencement of pushing. Women in the early pushing group (n = 926) were advised to commence pushing as soon as they had been randomly assigned.
RESULTS: Difficult delivery was reduced with delayed pushing (relative risk, 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.66-0.95). The greatest effect was on midpelvic procedures (relative risk, 0.72; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-0.93). Although there was little evidence for an effect on low-pelvic procedures, spontaneous delivery was more frequent among women who practiced delayed pushing (relative risk, 1.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.18). Abnormal umbilical cord blood pH (<7.15 venous value or <7.10 arterial value) was more frequent in the delayed pushing group (relative risk, 2.45, 95% confidence interval, 1.35-4. 43). However, scores for a summary indicator, the Neonatal Morbidity Index, were similarly distributed in the 2 groups.
CONCLUSION: Delayed pushing is an effective strategy to reduce difficult deliveries among nulliparous women.
W D Fraser; S Marcoux; I Krauss; J Douglas; C Goulet; M Boulvain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  182     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2000 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-15     Completed Date:  2000-06-15     Revised Date:  2014-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1165-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Analgesia, Epidural*
Cesarean Section
Delivery, Obstetric / methods
Labor Stage, Second*
Obstetric Labor Complications / prevention & control
Risk Factors
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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