Document Detail


Multi-site left ventricular pacing as a potential treatment for patients with postero-lateral scar: insights from cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and invasive haemodynamic assessment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22045930     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Multi-site left ventricular (LV) pacing may be superior to single-site stimulation in correcting dyssynchrony and avoiding areas of myocardial scar. We sought to characterize myocardial scar using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). We aimed to quantify the acute haemodynamic response to single-site and multi-site LV stimulation and to relate this to the position of the LV leads in relation to myocardial scar.
METHODS: Twenty patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy had implantation of two LV leads. One lead (LV1) was positioned in a postero-lateral vein, the second (LV2) in a separate coronary vein. LV dP/dtmax was recorded using a pressure wire during stimulation at LV1, LV2, and both sites simultaneously (LV1 + 2). Patients were deemed acute responders if ΔLV dP/dtmax was ≥ 10%. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed to assess dyssynchrony as well as location and burden of scar. Scar anatomy was registered with fluoroscopy to assess LV lead position in relation to scar.
RESULTS: LV dP/dtmax increased from 726 ± 161 mmHg/s in intrinsic rhythm to 912 ± 234 mmHg/s with LV1, 837 ± 188 mmHg/s with LV2, and 932 ± 201 mmHg/s with LV1 and LV2. Nine of 19 (47%) were acute responders with LV1 vs. 6/19 (32%) with LV2. Twelve of 19 (63%) were acute responders with simultaneous LV1 + 2. Two of three patients benefitting with multi-site pacing had the LV1 lead positioned in postero-lateral scar.
CONCLUSION: Multi-site LV pacing increased acute response by 16% vs. single-site pacing. This was particularly beneficial in patients with postero-lateral scar identified on CMR.
Authors:
Matthew R Ginks; Simon G Duckett; Stamatis Kapetanakis; Julian Bostock; Shoaib Hamid; Anoop Shetty; Yingliang Ma; Kawal S Rhode; Gerald S Carr-White; Reza S Razavi; C Aldo Rinaldi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-11-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-22     Completed Date:  2012-07-11     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  373-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods*
Female
Heart Failure / therapy*
Hemodynamics / physiology*
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
Male
Middle Aged
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology,  therapy
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MR/J006742/1//Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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