Document Detail


Mucosal Immunity and Illness Incidence in Elite Rugby Union Players across a Season.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20631639     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: : To examine the relationship between upper respiratory illness (URI) incidence with changes in mucosal immunity (saliva immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) and saliva lysozyme (s-Lys)) and training load (TL) in a squad of elite rugby union players.
METHODS: : Timed resting morning saliva samples were taken from players (n = 31) at preselected time points for 11 months. Weekly illness rates and TL were assessed using a Web-based diary and from medical/coaching staff reports.
RESULTS: : No significant correlation was found between absolute s-IgA or s-Lys concentrations and URI incidence. Peaks in URI (December and March) were preceded by periods of increased training intensity and reduced game activity. In 23% of all URI episodes, players reported that presence of an illness either reduced activity (14.4%) or felt the need to go to bed (8.6%). When s-IgA concentration was expressed relative to that when in a URI-free state, a 15% reduction (P = 0.08) was observed in individuals who had present URI symptoms. Decreases in absolute s-IgA (December) and s-Lys (November and February) concentrations were associated with a corresponding increase in saliva cortisol (P < 0.05). Lower s-IgA (P < 0.05) and s-Lys concentrations were consistently observed in backs than forwards, whereas URI incidence also differed for player position (3.4 forwards vs 4.3 backs).
CONCLUSIONS: : Regular monitoring of s-IgA and s-Lys may be useful in the assessment of exercise stress and URI risk status in elite team sport athletes. A combination of alterations in training intensity and seasonal influence is a likely contributor to observed peaks in URI incidence. It is probable that stress-induced increases in cortisol release contribute to reductions in mucosal immunity, which, when lowered, predispose rugby players to increased risk of illness.
Authors:
Brian Cunniffe; Hywel Griffiths; Wayne Proctor; Bruce Davies; Julien S Baker; Ken P Jones
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  388-97     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
1Department of Health, Exercise, Sport and Science, University of Glamorgan, Wales, UNITED KINGDOM; 2Wales Rugby Union, Hensol, Nr Cardiff, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales, UNITED KINGDOM; 3Division of Sport and Exercise Science, School of Science, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton Campus, Scotland, UNITED KINGDOM; and 4Cardiff School of Health Sciences, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Wales, UNITED KINGDOM.
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