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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12729968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Mathematical Principles of Reinforcement (MPR) is a theory of reinforcement schedules. This paper reviews the origin of the principles constituting MPR: arousal, association and constraint. Incentives invigorate responses, in particular those preceding and predicting the incentive. The process that generates an associative bond between stimuli, responses and incentives is called coupling. The combination of arousal and coupling constitutes reinforcement. Models of coupling play a central role in the evolution of the theory. The time required to respond constrains the maximum response rates, and generates a hyperbolic relation between rate of responding and rate of reinforcement. Models of control by ratio schedules are developed to illustrate the interaction of the principles. Correlations among parameters are incorporated into the structure of the models, and assumptions that were made in the original theory are refined in light of current data.
Peter R. Killeen; Matthew T. Sitomer
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural processes     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1872-8308     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Processes     Publication Date:  2003 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-May-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703854     Medline TA:  Behav Processes     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  49-64     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 871104, 85287-1104, Tempe, AZ, USA
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