Document Detail


Moving vernier in amblyopic and peripheral vision: greater tolerance to motion blur.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9373684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the hypothesis that higher stimulus velocities could be tolerated in amblyopic and normal peripheral vision. The basis for this hypothesis is that a shift in the spatial scale of processing appears to account for the degradation in vernier acuity for moving stimuli in normal vision, and, to a large degree for the degradation in vernier acuity for stationary stimuli in amblyopic and peripheral vision. Vernier thresholds were determined using a pair of long abutting lines, for velocities ranging between 0 and 8 deg/sec. Comparisons were made between non-amblyopic and amblyopic eyes in two amblyopic observers, and between central and peripheral (5 and 10 deg) vision in two normal observers. We analyzed our threshold vs velocity data using an equivalent noise analysis, and defined the knee of the function, the point at which vernier threshold is elevated by a factor of square root of 2, as the "critical velocity" beyond which image motion degrades vernier acuity. Critical velocities were found to be higher in amblyopic than in nonamblyopic eyes; and higher in peripheral than central vision. Our results are consistent with the predictions from the shift in spatial scale notion--that higher velocity of image motion can be tolerated because of the shift in sensitivity toward lower spatial-frequency filter mechanisms in amblyopic and normal peripheral vision.
Authors:
S T Chung; D M Levi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1997 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-08     Completed Date:  1997-12-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2527-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
College of Optometry, University of Houston, TX 77204-6052, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Amblyopia / physiopathology*
Discrimination (Psychology) / physiology
Female
Fovea Centralis / physiology
Humans
Male
Motion Perception / physiology*
Sensory Thresholds / physiology
Time Factors
Visual Fields*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01-EY01728/EY/NEI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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