Document Detail

Movement velocity in resistance training.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12744716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Guidelines for resistance training include the number of exercises, sets, repetitions, and frequency of training, but only vaguely mention movement velocity. Nevertheless, different velocities imply different performances, i.e. a different number of repetitions or different loads. Studies investigating the effect of different movement velocities on resistance training have not reached a consensus. Some studies indicate specificity in strength gains while others indicate generality. Some indicate slow training to be better, others indicate fast training, and still others indicate no differences. Most of these studies were conducted on isokinetic or hydraulic equipment. Very few used isotonic equipment for training, and their results seem to tend towards generality and no differences in gains of strength between velocities. Defining the training velocity is mostly important for athletic performances where a wide range of velocities is needed and transfer of gains would greatly optimise training. At the other end of the spectrum, there are the most frail and elderly, to whom power loss may impair even daily functions, but training with fast velocities might increase injury risk and, therefore, transfer of gains from slow training would be greatly beneficial. Movement velocity for resistance training with isotonic equipment needs to be further investigated so that recommendations may be made.
Marta I R Pereira; Paulo S C Gomes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-14     Completed Date:  2003-09-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  427-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Health and Graduate Program in Physical Education, Universidade Gama Filho, Rua Manoel Vitorino 625, Piedade, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20748-900, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology
Exercise / physiology*
Middle Aged
Motor Activity / physiology
Movement / physiology*
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Sports Equipment
Task Performance and Analysis
Weight Lifting / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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